Just as the name implies, Relational Leadership involves relations, or connections between people. There are 5 leadership components to this model:
- Process Oriented
Each component are further broken down in the three categories of “Knowing”, “Being”, and “Doing”. “Knowing” deals with having knowledge and understanding in certain areas, “Being” deals with having certain beliefs, and “Doing” deals with having skills in certain areas.
The (1) Inclusive leadership component to the relational leadership model refers to all students, staff, or members of a group. This component requires knowledge and understanting, or “Knowing”, of oneself and others. It also requires understanding of citizenship as well as culture, and stresses the need for an open perspective and open mind. The Inclusive leadership component means that you believe in the extreme value of differences, fairness and equality, and the idea that all group members should be included and valued. The skills, or “Doing”, involved are listening, developing, building coalitions, and participating in civil discourse.
The (2) Empowering component involves empowering yourself, group members, and other related individuals. The “Knowing” of this component is understanding the concepts of power, empowerment, and self esteem. Empowerment requires the “Being” or belief that every individual within the group has something to offer, that personal growth is important, and that knowlegde, power, and decisions are made collectively. The “Doing” for the empowerment component is balancing power, encouraging, and praising others to become self led.
The (3) Purposeful component within this leadership model involves having a commitment to a person, group of people, or cause. The “knowing” is understanding the concept of change and value of having clear goals. Within the “Being”, there is the belief that optimism and confidence within a cause can make an impact. Skills involved in this component are envisioning, creativity, and goal making.
The (4) Ethical aspect of the model is the drive to do what is morally right. It requires knowledge and understanding of core values and the decision making process. Ethical requires one to believe in social responsibility, moral integrity, and to possess an altruistic attitude. The “Doing” for Ethical is using trust, responsibility, and courageousness to make ethical decisions for the betterment of others.
The last (5) component is Process-Oriented, which is building and maintaining a group while also achieving the goals of the group. The knowing of Process-Oriented is understanding the concepts of community, team-building, and multiple-perspectives. This component values the importance of processing, high quality effort, and trust in the process. The skills in Process-Oriented are collaborative, reflective, and the ability to both give and receive feedback (both positive and negative).
To conclude, the relational leadership model involves viewing people and relations with the upmost importance. All of the five leadership components involve interpersonal skills. They help build and solidify relationships in order to produce change. Being consciously aware of these components can strengthen leadership and lead to a positive leadership environment.